Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans.
Leading AI textbooks define the field as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals.
Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is often used to describe machines (or computers) that mimic "cognitive" functions that humans associate with the human mind, such as "learning" and "problem solving".
TED - The Turing test: Can a computer pass for a human?
What is consciousness? Can an artificial machine really think? For many, these have been vital considerations for the future of artificial intelligence. But British computer scientist Alan Turing deci
Computers and Cognition: Why Minds Are Not Machines
A collection of studies providing a perspective on the nature of mind, including arguments that explain why the prevailing paradigm - the computational conception of language and mentality - can no lo